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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23-26

Facts of life and global issues affecting semen parameters causing male infertility in and around our institute − A prospective study

Department of Pathology, L.L.R.M. Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Veer Karuna
Department of Pathology, L.L.R.M. Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/fsr.fsr_23_18

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Context: Nowadays, the inability to conceive is a common problem. Reason can be either from female or male side. Male lifestyle factors such as alcohol consumption, tobacco smoking and chewing are some of the most common causes of male infertility. Aims: The aim was to describe the semen quality (sperm count and motility) of those consuming alcohol and smoking and chewing tobacco. Settings and Design: This prospective study was conducted in and around of our institute, during the period of July 2017 to June 2018. Materials and Methods: A total of 203 cases, aged 18 to 50 years, were included for semen analysis by using manual method according to World Health Organization 2010 criteria and also asked to answer a validated questionnaire about life habits and health status. Data analysis was performed by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 19. Results: Of 203 samples, 125 (61.58%) cases were between the ages of 18 and 30 years. Percentage of normozoospermia, oligozoospermia and azoospermia were 73.40%, 23.15% and 03.44%, respectively. Out of 47 (23.15%) sample of oligozoospermia, 38 (80.86%) were alcoholic, 32 (68.09%) men tobacco smokers and 12 (25.54%) men tobacco chewers. A total of 72 (35.47%) out of 203 samples showed reduced sperm motility, of which 50 (69.44%) patients were addicted to alcohol consumption. Conclusion: This study indicates that male fertility is damaged by negative influences of lifestyle factors. Therefore, before the attempt to conceive, it is advisable to modifying lifestyle factors discussed in the present study that helps controlling their own fertility potential.

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