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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 55-59

Effect of the endometriomas on ovarian stimulation and pregnancy rate on assisted reproductive outcomes

MAGS Medical & Research Center, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dipanshu Sur
MAGS Medical & Research Center, Kolkata 700091
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/fsr.fsr_19_18

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Endometriosis is a disease known to be detrimental to fertility. Women with endometriosis, and the presence of endometrioma, may require assisted reproductive technologies to achieve a pregnancy. Aim: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of endometriosis and the presence of an endometrioma on outcomes of conventional in vitro fertilization/intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Materials and Methods: The study group consisted of 45 infertile women with either unilateral or bilateral ovarian endometrial cysts of less than 3 cm. The control group consisting of 50 patients with mild male factor infertility was candidate for ICSI treatment during the same time period as the study groups. Both groups were compared for number of oocytes retrieved, grades of oocytes, as well as embryo quantity and quality. Results: Our findings showed similar follicle numbers, good embryo grades (I or II) and pregnancy rates in the compared groups. However, patients with endometriosis had higher gonadotropin consumption than the control group. The mean number of retrieved oocytes in patients with endometriosis was significantly lower than control group (P < 0.0001). The numbers of metaphase II (MII) oocytes were significantly lower in patients with endometriosis as compared to the control group 6.11 ± 2.92 vs. 9.32 ± 4.71, respectively (P = 0.0002). In patients with unilateral endometriosis, there were significant differences in terms of fertilization rate, retrieved oocyte and MII oocyte between the normal and involved ovaries; P < 0.5. Conclusion: The endometriomas group had a significantly poorer ovarian response and required significantly more ampoules of follicle-stimulating hormone per cycle. They showed poor ovarian response with lower total numbers of retrieved oocytes and lower MII oocytes during the stimulation phase; however, it does not affect the quality of embryos and pregnancy rate per patient.

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